Yunnan is located in the Yungui Plateau in the far southwest of China and the Tropic of Cancer is running through it. The province borders Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region and Guizhou Province in the east, Sichuan Province in the north, and Tibet Autonomous Region in the northwest. It shares a border of 4,060 kilometer with Myanmar in the west, Laos in the south, and Vietnam in the southeast.
The topograpy is very diverse in Yunnan with mountain ranges and glaciers, tropical rainforests and it's known as the kingdom of plants, animals and home of medicinal herbs. Among the 30,000 species of plants in China, 18,000 can be found in Yunnan. Also more than 150 kinds of minerals have been discovered in the province. Also it has an incredible array of animals, including the Asian elephant and the protected Yunnan golden monkey. There is even a rainforest in the area known as Xishuangbanna where you will find many rare and endangered species of plants and animals. The highest point in the north is the Kawagebo Peak in Deqin County on the Diqing Plateau, which is about 6,740 meter high; and the lowest is in the Honghe River Valley in Hekou County, with an elevation of 76.4 meter.
The province has sufficient rainfall and many rivers and lakes. The rich water resources offer abundant hydro-energy.
Non-ferrous metals, tobacco and sugar production are the main industries in China. In agriculture, mainly, there is rice, grape, tobacco, tea and sugar-cane. The main transportation is railway and highway.
Yunnan has the highest number of ethnic groups among all provinces and autonomous regions in China. Among the country's 56 ethnic groups, 25 are found in Yunnan. The ethnic groups live in compact communities, each of which has a population of more than 5,000. 10 ethnic minorities living in border areas and river valleys include the Hui, Manchu, Bai, Naxi, Mongolian, Zhuang, Dai, Achang, Buyei and Shui, with a combined population of 4.5 million; those in low mountain regions are the Hani, Yao, Lahu, Va, Jingpo, Blang and Jino, with a combined population of 5 million; and those in high mountain regions are Miao, Lisu, Tibetan, Pumi and Drung, with a total population of 4 million.
Yunnan is attractive with its rich tourism resources, including beautiful landscape, colorful ethnic customs, and a pleasant climate. The traditional specialties are Dali sculpture, Yun tobacco, Yun tea, Yun medicinal herbs and silver ornament.
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